In the past twelve months, the consignment-related personnel, toll and other operating expenses of national general cargo logistics in Germany rose by an average of up to 2.4 per cent. This indicates the cost index “Sammelgutspedition“ (general cargo haulage), recently published by the German Freight Forwarders and Logistics Operators (DSLV). The index regularly reflects the relevant cost components in the settlement process of a general cargo shipment as a total cost index.
Despite considerable rationalization efforts and productivity improvements, the personnel costs in the period from mid-2015 to mid-2016 have increased by 2.2 per cent. Here in particular the Minimum Wage Law in the second half of 2015 made an impact. The effects of the toll extension to light trucks from 7.5 tonnes and additional federal road segments led to an increase of the toll costs by 34.4 percent.
The moderate increase in operating expenses by 0.6 per cent over the entire observation period is mainly due to additional costs for logistics areas and investments in IT technology in the second half of 2015.
The total cost index also takes into account the development of fuel costs, which fell by 12.7 per cent in the observation period. Thus, the share of diesel cost drops to only 10 per cent of the total cost. In the overall analysis, the lower fuel costs soften the increase in overall costs to 0.7 per cent.
For the other cost types new share values will result as well. The share of personnel costs in the total cost of a shipment in national general cargo traffic amounts to 50.9 per cent. The material costs account for 35.9 per cent and the toll costs amount to 3.2 per cent.
The new DSLV cost index “Sammelgutspedition” is based on data from nearly 20 million general cargo shipments, which were conducted by 108 depots of the following generl cargo networks: 24plus, CargoLine, Emons, IDS, ILN, ONLINE Systemlogistik, Schenker Deutschland, System Alliance and VTL.